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Annirauna Triumf, 16, gazes through freshly slaughtered reindeer. Though not a ?full-time? reindeer herder, she attends ?reindeer school? at Hirvas Salmi five times a year. ?I can maintain my Sami roots and live a modern life. That is how I can both adapt and stay the same,? she said. Despite the inhospitable Arctic climate reindeer herding has been the livelihood of the Sami for more than a thousand years, but amid the economic, technological, and environmental problems of modern society their indigenous culture must increasingly reconcile these radical changes in order to preserve age-old traditions, customs, and mores.